A Guide to Water Treatment Water treatment is the process of removing contaminants and undesirable components in water making it more acceptable to be used for different purposes, for example, drinking, irrigation, and river flow maintenance. Treatment of drinking water involves a series processes that are aimed at the removal of particles that may lead to contamination and cause short and long term risks. First of all water is supposed to undergo the process of screening to remove the suspended particles which may include debris and vegetation, screens of different sizes are usually used. Course screens are often fixed bar screens that have a screen surface which consists of various vertical metal bars of a given thickness that are spaced at specific intervals depending on how it is supposed to be applied. Fine screens are usually rotary drum screens whose surface is woven stainless steel with small screen aperture sizes, collected debris are washed at this place. Settling or sedimentation is the next process where finer particles are removed because they may eventually block the filters. Water then goes to the coagulation tank where the surface of the particles are modified by adding chemicals and ions of opposite charges to prevent some repulsive forces that are present. Water is taken to a filtration chamber to remove some of the particles from water by passing it through a sand bed that is designed to allow reusing, the chamber also consists of several filters for example the slow rate, pressure and high rate sand filter. Because of all this processes, water treatment therefore has many advantages that make it useful to people and every organism in a farm. Treated water is important to someone’s health because it prevents occurrence of many health complications that may occur because of drinking untreated water. Treated water is good for appliances in a farm because water that is softened keeps many appliances efficient which will also help in saving money. Clean water is of good importance to someone’s health because it is free from disease causing organisms that may cause deaths. In addition, treated water also helps in removal of toxic metals because is a source of minerals like magnesium and also copper that are dangerous to a person’s health and may cause some diseases in future. Water treatment helps in the removal of unpleasant tastes and odors that are present, this makes water good compared to when it was still raw. Water that is soft due to treatment allows detergents to rinse completely because fabrics are softer without hard water minerals trapped in them, it also allows a person to save on the amount of soap he or she uses.